The socket welding flange is similar to a slip-on flange except it has a bore and a counterbore dimension. The counterbore is slightly larger than the O. D. of the matching pipe, allowing the pipe to be inserted into the flange similar to a slip-on flange. The diameter oh the smaller bore is the same as the I. D. of the matching pipe. A restriction is built into the bottom of the bore which sets as a shoulder for the pipe to rest on. This eliminates any restriction in flow when using a socket welding flange.